## 123dspace home

**Hypothetical Elementary Energy Systems**

Welcome to 123dspace.com, a website presentation about hypothetical elementary energy systems, including the inherent energy of 1-D, 2-D, and 3-D space (123d space), electromagnetic (e-m) energy, gravitational energy gradients, and entanglement.

The purpose of this website is to share ideas about elementary energy that may spark ideas in others that lead to meaningful discoveries and applications. The ideas presented here are conceptual and generally do not follow traditional views on the topic.

Some of the ideas presented in this website are summarized below.

Time is real - a component of electromagnetic energy - that forms to provide directional balance to the magnetic component, and then immediately dissipates back into 123d space as random energy.

Gravity consists of gravitational energy gradients formed by the energy of 123d space through a changing ratio of potential to kinetic energy of 123d space inward toward a body of mass to provide directional balance.

In extreme conditions, such as in stellar nurseries, an energetic elementary electromagnetic (e-m) particle, such as an electron or a positron, may "jump" out of its gravitational gradient, leaving it vacant.

An electromagnetic particle (e.g., electron or positron) may be created by a vacant non-electromagnetic gravitational energy gradient.

An atomic nucleus, with the exception of an ion, is composed entirely of entangled particles.

Nucleon size is governed by gravitational gradient strength and entanglement of nuclear and orbital particles of an atom.

With each electromagnetic interaction of an elementary particle, such as an electron, its gravitational energy gradient, oscillates or vibrates, producing a directional force composing the charge field.

**Summary of the main topics presented in this model.**

In this model, most elementary energy consists of entangled partners. Identical entangled particles alternate e-m directionality with every electromagnetic interaction, each particle interchanging identities with its directionally opposing partner(s).

Chemical bonds consist of the entangled relationships of orbital and nuclear particles. There are different types of entanglement, including entanglement of non-identical elementary energy, such as that between a positron-electron particle and a neutrino-antineutrino particle, consisting of weaker entangled relationships.

No neutrons exist in the atomic nucleus. Instead, the size of nucleons is dependent upon entangled relationships with their orbital partners that exist in much weaker gravitational energy gradients where there is a faster rate of electromagnetic (e-m) interaction and a corresponding faster rate of time. Optimal directional balance is achieved when entangled particles possess the same rate of e-m interactions. Nuclear particles possess the same higher rate of e-m interactions of their entangled orbital partners to achieve optimal directional balance, but because they exist in a very strong gravitational gradient (with a much slower rate of e-m interaction and slower rate of time), they have significantly more energy/mass than their orbital counterparts.

Neutrons may interact with the nucleus in a similar way that photons interact with orbital particles. Neutrons can be absorbed or emitted by the nucleus as energy that affects the energy levels of nucleons.

In this model, the properties of elementary 1-D, 2-D, and 3-D energy or particles are different in terms of dimensionality and gravitational energy gradients. Compton wavelength may not apply to 2-D electron-positrons or 3-D protons and nucleons. As 2-D and 3-D e-m energy increases, frequency of e-m interaction decreases due to their gravitational energy gradients which result in a particle's mass.

Gravitational energy gradients represent the only unidirectional elementary energy that is not electromagnetic. Space is composed of bidirectional 1-D units of energy in random distribution and motion relative to each other, making up a dynamic equilibrium energy system - 123d space. The basic 1-D units of energy are composed of potential energy and their rate of motion relative to each other represents kinetic energy. Gravitational energy consists of energy gradients formed by a decreasing amount of kinetic energy of 123d space and a proportionally increasing amount of potential energy of 123d space toward a body of mass, resulting in a slower rate of electromagnetic interaction, and consequently, a slower rate of time nearer to a body of mass.

A gravitational energy gradient of an elementary particle, such as an electron, may oscillate or vibrate with the electromagnetic (e-m) interactions of the particle. The gravitational gradient directionally opposes the e-m directionality of the particle. The vibration of a particle's gravitational gradient may cause a directional force resulting in the "charge field." As a 2-D or 3-D elementary particle increases in energy-mass, its gravitational gradient strength increases proportionally, and the frequency of its electromagnetic interactions decreases proportionally (unlike linear 1-D photons that do not possess gravitational gradients). This inverse relationship may result in a constant unit charge regardless of the size of the elementary e-m particle.

How are the non-electromagnetic energy of 123d space, the non-electromagnetic gravitational energy gradient, and elementary electromagnetic particles, such as electrons and positrons related? Gravitational gradients are formed by the inherent energy of 123d space to provide directional balance to unidirectional bodies of mass. In extreme environments, gravitational gradients left "vacant" by their energetic particles collapse to form new elementary particles. In other words, gravitational energy gradients and elementary particles are anomalies of the inherent energy of 123d space. The potential and kinetic energy of 123d space form both gravitational energy gradients and electromagnetic energy systems - just with different structures.

*Topics Still Under Development & Construction:*

**Physical limits**. Physical limits, such as 0 Kelvin, are due to the inherent properties of space (123d space) itself. For instance, at 0 Kelvin (absolute zero), 123d space consists of ~100% potential energy. This means there is little or no kinetic energy present in 123d space, and therefore there is no gravitational energy gradient - since a gravitational gradient is formed by a changing ratio of potential to kinetic energy of 123d space inward toward a body of mass. With no gravitational energy gradient, the nucleons of an atomic nucleus and their entangled orbital partners may be the same size. The atomic nucleons and their entangled orbital partners may exist side-by-side. The strange properties observed in atoms and molecules near absolute 0 are due to the extreme weakening (approaching total absence) of the gravitational energy gradient that governs atomic structure.

Since the gravitational energy gradient is very, very weak near absolute zero, the identities of nuclear particles and orbital particles become more and more blurred. Nuclear particles and their entangled orbital partners look much alike, and at absolute zero may be indistinguishable. As the temperature of 123d space increases, it gains kinetic energy, so that it can once again form a changing ratio of potential to kinetic energy inward toward a body of mass (i.e., 2-D or 3-D elementary e-m particle). As the gravitational energy gradient becomes stronger, the orbital particles exist within the weaker regions of the gravitational gradient at a greater and greater distance from their entangled nuclear partners, and the nucleons once again become larger than their entangled orbital partners.

If there is such a thing as "absolute hot" (i.e., Planck temperature?), then the energy of 123d space would consist of ~100% kinetic energy. This means there would be little or no potential energy present in 123d space, and therefore no gravitational energy gradient - since there would be no changing ratio of potential to kinetic energy of 123d space inward toward a body of mass. If this temperature existed within the core of a star, it would significantly affect how that star produces energy - would it do so by the process of nuclear fusion as we envision? Or would the matter in the core of a star behave "strangely," similar to the "strange" behavior of energy at absolute zero? (If the gravitational gradient has any effect on "charge" - and other unidirectional quantum properties - then strange behavior of "particles" at absolute zero and absolute hot would be inevitable since there would be little or no directionally opposing forces in such environments.)

**Measurement. ** In this model, measurement is viewed as susceptible to illusion and misinterpretation - partially due to entanglement, the effects of gravitational energy gradients, frames of reference, and the limitations of measurement (not to mention the influence of human experience on our interpretation of what we observe). These conditions distort our view of what is real and what is not.

You will notice links throughout this website (at the bottom of most pages) that allow you to explore traditional views on various site topics at other url's.

This is a share and share alike website (Creative Commons).

Sample illustration from "Elementary energy structures" section:

(Click here to enlarge image.)

Site published 09/03/2010. Last updated 05/09/14 [section on Gravitational energy gradients left vacant by their energetic elementary particles (in extreme environments)].

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License