Intro to entanglement - illustration


Entangled e-+ / e+- particles

Properties of entangled particles

Entanglement of identical energy

Entanglement of non-identical energy

Entanglement of particles with different rates of e-m interaction

Entangled particles at different energy levels


Introduction to entanglement

All energy, if left alone, moves toward its lowest energy state, and lowest energy level within that state.

All electromagnetic (e-m) energy exists in its lowest possible energy state when entangled with an identical, but directionally opposing partner, the two entangled partners composing a single energy entity - an energy system with optimal directional balance. 

Non-identical e-m energy, such as a 2-D positron-electron particle, may be entangled with a 1-D neutrino-anti-neutrino particle - this is a weaker type of entanglement.

All entangled e-m particles consist of alternating e-m directionality with each e-m interaction (an electron converts to a positron, then back to an electron, and so on), their sequential e-m oscillations behaving as waves.  An entangled particle must possess alternating directionality that is opposing and in-phase with that of its partner(s).

From an observer's perspective, entangled partners may speed away in opposing directions from the point of their creation (e.g., an e-+/e+- particle and its e+-/e-+ partner created by a high energy gamma ray). What ties the two entangled partners together, even at great distances? The entangled partners each represent an opposing pole of the same energy system - the two make up one energy entity. The entangled partners each possess directionally opposing properties, alternating e-m directionality with every e-m interaction, and therefore interchanging identities.

The entangled partners do not see or experience space or distance between them as they speed apart (from our frame of reference). The entangled particles also do not see or experience their own unidirectional properties (e.g., quantum properties, linear momentum). Instead, each sees itself as one component (e.g., a pole) of a single energy entity - composing a directionally balanced energy system. The entangled partners experience themselves as mirror images providing directional balance to each other, with no additional distance between them from the point of their creation. However, all other observers see or experience the entangled particles as speeding apart from each other.

On the other hand, the entangled partners see all other entangled particles as speeding apart from each other. Outside observers can only see the electromagnetic properties of entangled energy and cannot observe its internal directional balance. (An analogy: You can observe someone eating an ice cream cone, but you cannot experience what that person is tasting because taste is an internal property (sensory, in this case) of the other person. The directional balance that entangled partners experience between them is an internal property - it is a property only they can see or experience.)

The two entangled partners share a common center of gravity. The center of gravity for the two entangled partners exists at the point of their creation - at the midpoint of the opposing momenta of the two entangled particles. The entangled partners' common center of gravity connects the two regardless of the distance outside observers see between them. The interchanging of identities of the entangled partners with every e-m interaction also ties the entangled partners together independent of the distance between them by providing optimal system directional balance, essentially eliminating the unidirectional effects of electromagnetic energy between the energy entity's constituent entangled particles.

(Analogy: Imagine a lake that is one billion kilometers (km) long. Somewhere in the middle region of the lake, it springs an enormous leak that drops the level of the entire lake at a rate of 1 meter/second (m/s). Ignoring the effects of friction and planetary motion, when the lake level begins to drop, it instantly drops at a rate of 1 m/s on each end of the lake, approximately 500,000,000 km from the point of the leak. How can both ends of the lake, so far away from the source of the leak, instantly "know" to drop at the same rate? How can this communication be instant? Two factors come to mind: 1) All the molecules of the water in the lake are consituent particles of the same energy entity: the lake, and 2) The energy governing the drop in the level of the lake is non-electromagnetic in nature - instead it is due to the gravitational energy gradient of the planet large enough to house the one billion km lake, and the gravitational energy gradient is due to the changing ratio of potential energy of 123d space to kinetic energy of 123d space inward toward the planet's center of gravity. Since the gravitational energy gradient causing the lake level to drop is non-electromagnetic, the communication from the source of the leak at the middle of the lake to each of end of the lake is not limited to v = c.)

When one entangled partner becomes disentangled, it can no longer interchange identities with its partner, and its partner instantly takes on the directionally opposing quantum properties (for instance, becoming either an electron or a positron). Simultaneously, the center of gravity ceases to exist between the two particles - and they are no longer connected through their directionally opposing momentums.

Another way to look at disentanglement, and "instant" communication between entangled partners: Entangled partners are connected by directional balance. Directional balance is not, in and of itself, electromagnetic energy - it is a property of energy. Directional balance is not governed by the laws of electromagnetic energy for communication - it is not limited to v = c. With directional balance serving as the connection between entangled particles, changes in the energy system may be communicated instantly. When directional balance is violated, all energy or particles that were part of that directionally balanced, entangled energy system instantly become disentangled and unbalanced particles (i.e., possessing unidirectional properties).

It should be noted that most, if not all, disentangled e-+/e+- particles will convert to the lower energy level structure of an electron (versus the higher energy level structure of a positron) at its earliest opportunity.

As mentioned above, identical entangled 2-D or 3-D particle pairs (electron-positron, proton-anti-proton) possess a gravitational energy gradient formed by the energy of 123d space to provide directional balance.  The center of gravity exists midway between the two entangled partners - or midway between their directionally opposing momentums. In the case of entangled e-+/e+- particles, it is possible that the gravitational energy gradient at system center (at the point of their creation) is a 2-D gradient perpendicular to the momenta of the opposing entangled particles.
Non-identical entangled 1-D particle pairs (e.g., entangled photons) do not possess a gravitational energy gradient because such a gradient is composed of basic 1-D units of 123d space, and creates a gravitational energy gradient covering 2-D or 3-D space.  Instead, the path of v = c for 1-D particles is the 1-D equivalent of the center of gravity.  (It may be that v = c is the 1-D equivalent to a gravitational energy gradient.) In the case where a 2-D e-+/e+- particle is entangled with a 1-D antineutrino-neutrino particle, the center of gravity is skewed heavily toward the 2-D e-+/e+- particle, and this most likely has a major impact on the stability of their entanglement. When a 1-D antineutrino-neutrino particle becomes disentangled from its partner, it converts to a lower energy level pair of (entangled) photons at its earliest opportunity.       

Other entangled relationships will be discussed later on this website, including partial entanglements, simultaneous vs. sequential entanglement, entangled particles with interchanging identities, and entanglement within atomic energy systems. 


See illustration below. Click here for enlargement.

Intro to entanglement - illustration


To explore traditional views on Entanglement, see "Quantum entanglement" in Wikipedia.