18-  entangled e-+/e+- particles


Properties of entangled particles

Entanglement of identical energy

Entanglement of non-identical energy

Entanglement of particles with different rates of e-m interaction

Entangled particles at different energy levels

Interchanging identities



Entangled e-+/e+- particles

Electrons and positrons exist primarily as 2-D electron-positron particles with alternating electromagnetic (e-m) directionality with every e-m interaction.  They are designated as e-+/e+- or e+-/e-+ particles to show that they alternate e-m directionality and interchange identities.

123d space forms a gravitational energy gradient to provide directional balance to an entangled electron-positron pair - or any other entangled particles.  The entangled energy system, or single energy entity, constitutes a body of mass. The center of gravity for entangled partners exists midway between them, regardless of the distance or space "separating" them.

Entangled 2-D electron-positron (e-+/e+-) particles are identical and directionally opposing, and consist of simultaneously alternating e-m directionality and interchanging identities with every e-m interaction - providing optimal directional balance to the energy system.

Entangled particles with interchanging identities may move freely in a conductor, such as a metal, from one atomic orbital to another without having to become disentangled and re-entangled because the “new” atom and its constituent particles cannot distinguish between the "new" e-+/e+- particle and the one that just left - as long as the new e-+/e+- particle is in phase with its partner(s) in the new atom.

(To visualize orbital particles moving in a conductor, imagine a sea of e-+/e+- particles vibrating at very frequency through stationary, but vibrating atoms. As the e-+/e+- particles vibrate at high energy, each particle bounces along and around atoms until it finds an atom with an orbital e+-/e-+ without an entangled orbital partner that is oscillating (or alternating e-m directionality with every e-m interaction) in the same phase. It then occupies that orbital, until it bounces out, and into another atom's orbital. As it comes and goes, it does not have to become entangled and disentangled since it is indistinguishable from the e-+/e+- particle that preceded its position in the atomic orbital. It essentially interchanges identities with its predecessor (that has left its orbital to interchange identities with a predessor in a different atom.))


See illustration below. Click here for enlargement.


18-entangled 2-D particles


To explore traditional views on Entanglement, see "Quantum entanglement" on Wikipedia.