24- interchanging identities



Frames of reference

Double-slit experiment - overview

Double-slit experiment - limitations fo measurement & observers


Alternating e-m directionality and interchanging identities

Entanglement provides directional balance to two directionally opposing electromagnetic (e-m) 1-D, 2-D, or 3-D particles through alternating e-m directionality of each entangled partner with every e-m interaction.  The alternating e-m directionality of two entangled partners must be in-phase with each other - that is, the e-m directionality must be opposing with each e-m interaction.

Identical 2-D e-m entangled particles may possess both in-phase alternating e-m directionality and interchanging identities with every e-m interaction.  This represents the strongest type of entanglement, providing optimal directional balance to the energy system composed by the entangled partners.  In the case of electric flow in a conductor, for example, an orbital e-+/e+- particle may “jump” from one atom to another (taking the place of an orbital e-+/e+- particle at the same energy level) without becoming disentangled or re-entangled due to interchanging identities - provided that a following e+-/e-+ particle simultaneously replaces it in its original atomic orbital.

The entangled nuclear e+-/e-+ partner in a conductor cannot tell the difference between a "new" orbital e-+/e+- particle and its previously entangled orbital e+-/e-+ partner because the two orbital particles are identical, in-phase, and indistinguishable because they essentially interchange identities with every e-m interaction. Therefore, the nuclear e+-/e-+ particle maintains the same entanglement even though it now has a different orbital e-+/e+- partner. In other words, entanglement between orbital e-+/e+- particles moving from atom to atom in a conductor and their successive nuclear e+-/e-+ partners do not skip a beat - no disentanglement or re-entanglement is required when the orbital particles involved are identical, opposing, in-phase, and interchange identities with every e-m interaction.

When a 2-D e-+/e+- particle becomes entangled with a 1-D anti-neutrino/neutrino particle, the two entangled partners possess in-phase alternating e-m directionality with each e-m interaction. This allows them to provide some degree of directional balance to each other.  However, since they consist of different dimensionalities, they are not identical particles, and therefore cannot interchange identities. They also cannot compose directionally balanced opposing poles of the energy system they form. And because the 1-D particle possesses little or no gravitational energy gradient, the center of gravity between the two entangled partners will be heavily skewed toward the 2-D particle. All these properties between entangled partners with different dimensionalities (e.g., 1-D, 2-D) cannot provide optimal directional balance to the energy system they compose, and therefore, they form only a weak entanglement, unless other energies - not identified here - are involved to provide additional directional balance.


See illustration below. Click here for enlargement.


24- neutrinos and 2-D particles - interchanging idientities


To explore traditional views on entanglement, see "Quantum entanglement" on Wikipedia.