28- 2-slit experiment and observers


Next section links:

Physical & chemical interactions:

Gradients - movement of energy

Attraction - repulsion

Electricity flow in a conductor

Covalent bonds

Ionic bonds

Van der Waals forces


00- candle illusionThe candle illusion

Double-slit experiment - limitations of measurement and observers

A passive observer sees or experiences an energy or the effects of an energy without measurement.  An active observer takes a measurement to focus on a specific property of the energy being observed, resulting in less focused observation of other properties of that energy.  The more focused a measurement is, the more out-of-focus all unmeasured properties of that energy will be.

Most electromagnetic energy systems are entangled with opposing partners so that energy is directionally balanced, existing at its lowest possible energy level.  This means that most “electrons” or “photons” shot through the double slits in a 2-slit experiment are entangled particles, consisting of a pair of entangled partners. 

A flip-flop hologram displays two different images from different viewing angles.  The effects in a double-slit experiment are similar. The wave pattern and the particle pattern are always potentially both present on the screen behind the two slits.  Which one the observer sees depends on the "viewing angle" (i.e., passive or unmeasured vs. active or measured) from which the observer is watching.

In a 2-slit experiment, the passive observer believes that he or she is observing a single particle or photon, but is actually observing an entangled pair of particles.  The passive observer “sees” the wave-like effects caused by the successive electromagnetic interactions of the entangled particles, possibly partially due to interference patterns created by the gravitational gradients of each entangled particle meeting in the center. The entangled particles together exist as a single directionally balanced energy system. They do not experience themselves as individual entities. The passive observer is seeing the effects of all properties of the energy system working together as a directionally balanced energy system - in the form of wave-like properties.

An active observer taking a measurement is focusing on a specific property of the energy.  The measurement may or may not interact with the energy being measured.  In both cases, the active observer will observe particle-like properties.  Measurement that interacts with the measured energy may cause disentanglement resulting in the observation of unidirectional or particle-like properties.   Measurement that does not interact with the measured energy nevertheless results in the observer focusing on a specific property of a particle, resulting in proportionally less focus on all other properties of the energy system. The measurer will observe unidirectional effects of the measured property - or particle-like properties. The measurer will not see the effects of all the properties working together to produce a directionally balanced energy system (i.e., wave-like properties).

In addition to entanglement, other factors that affect an observer's frame of reference include: measurement (the Uncertainty Principle), physical barriers to observation (see The Candle Illusion), and the type of energy the observer is composed of versus the type of energy being measured - for instance, Special Relativity involves observers composed of electromagnetic energy measuring properties of electromagnetic energy. On the other hand, it may be more of a challenge for an electromagnetic observer - from our electromagnetic frame of reference - to directly measure the properties of non-electromagnetic energy of 123d space (with the exception of how the energy of 123d space is manifested as unidirectional energy in electromagnetic energy interactions - i.e., magnetic energy, time energy). The energy of 123d space does produce one form of non-electromagnetic energy that does impact our electromagnetic world - gravitational energy gradients. And while we can measure the effects of gravitational energy gradients, we have not been too successful at directly measuring what composes gravitational energy.

Another limit to measurement involves the measurement of the properties of one component of an energy system that is exchanging energy or information with other components of that energy system. How does the observer know where the boundary line exists? For example, picture a line of lit candles sitting close to each other. An observer attempts to measure the total heat produced by one candle. But the heat of adjacent candles exists within the boundaries of the heat produced by the candle being measured. So how can the observer directly measure the heat produced by that candle?

Another limitation of measurement is our interpretation about what it means. We naturally interpret our observations from the perspective of our own human experience. This along with other factors affect our ability to know what is real and what is not real. You can test your own measurement skills by watching the The Monkey Business Illusion on YouTube.


See illlustration below. Click here for enlargement.


28- 2-slit experiment and observers frame of reference


To explore traditional views on observations and measurement, see "Observer effect (physics)" on Wikipedia.