30- gradients - movement of energy


Attraction - repulsion of energy

Electricity flow in a conductor

Covalent bonds

Ionic bonds

Photon collision with orbital e-+/ e+- particle

Van der Waals forces


Gradients - movement of energy

The movement of energy from one position, state, or energy level to another may be due to a number of factors.  In all cases, however, the underlying cause is that all energy, left alone, moves toward greater directional balance.

Elementary energy "wants" to move in the following directions:

From less directional balance to .... more directional balance (even if this means moving from a higher entropy energy system (e.g., particle) to a more complex lower entropy energy system (e.g., molecule))

From less randomness to .... more randomness

From weaker entanglement to .... stronger entanglement

From more density to .... less density

From less stable structure to .... more stable structure

From higher dimensionality (2-D, 3-D) to .... lower dimensionality (1-D)

From higher energy level to .... lower energy level

From more work (energy expended) to .... less work

From hot to .... cold

From more pressure to .... less pressure

From acceleration to .... deceleration

From mass (2-D or 3-D governed by gravitational energy gradient) to .... massless (1-D minimally affected by gravitational energy gradient)

From higher outer energy "subshells" to lower energy "subshells" (attraction of ionic atoms - e.g., in batteries)


When energy from an outside source is added to, or interacts with, an energy system, it may cause that energy to move in the opposite direction than those described above. 


See illustration below. Click here for enlargement.


30-gradients - movement of energy


To explore traditional views on kinetic energy, see "Kinetic energy" on Wikipedia.

To explore traditional views on potential energy, see "Potential energy" on Wikipedia.