33- electricity flow in a conductor


Covalent bonds

Ionic bonds

Photon collision with orbital e-+/ e+- particle

Van der Waals forces

Next section:

Gravitational energy gradients


Electricity flow in a conductor

Orbital e-+/e+- particles transverse atoms with in-phase, opposing, alternating e-m directionality and interchanging identities with each e-m interaction. The "free orbital" e-+/e+- particles "hop" in and out of orbitals of successive atoms, moving from one atom to the next. These moving e-+/e+- orbital particles possess high rates of e-m interaction, so they oscillate or vibrate at high frequency, seeking the next atomic orbital with a partner that is in-phase with and opposite of its own e-m interaction. It may then hop into that orbital as an entangled particle.

Orbital e-+/e+- particles possess alternating e-m directionality and interchanging identities that allow them to “take” the place of another e+-/e-+ particle in the orbital of an adjacent atom existing at the same energy level when that particle "takes" the place of an e+-/e-+ particle in an adjacent atom. 

Interchanging identities allow the exchange of orbital e-+/e+- particles from one atomic orbital to another without disentanglement and re-entanglement if the orbital e-+/e+- particle is immediately replaced in its old orbital by another "freely moving" orbital e+-/e-+ particle, because when the e+-/e-+ particles are in-phase with each other, interchanging identities with every e-m interaction, their "new" entangled partners in different atoms cannot tell one from another.

So an e-+/e+- particle may move “freely” becoming temporarily entangled with its orbital and nuclear partners in a new atom until it moves on to the next atom. In other words, orbital e-+/e+- particles may move from atom to atom in a conductor "remaining" entangled with each successive orbital e+-/e-+ partner and nuclear e+-/e-+ partner without a skipping a beat. The moving e-+/e+- particles not only interchange identities, they interchange entanglements from atom to atom.

The movement of e-+/e+- particles from one atom to another (flow of electricity) is driven by some force such as an energy gradient (high energy level to low energy level; high energy density to low energy density; directional imbalance to directional balance) or a force provided by an external source initiating and maintaining this interchange of e+-/e-+ particles from one atom to another.


See illustration below. Click here for enlargement.


33- electricity flowing in a conductor


To explore traditional views on electricity, see "Electricity" on Wikipedia.