35- ionic bonds

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Ionic bonds

Ionic bonds consist of one lone orbital e-+/e+- particle that is entangled with a nuclear e+-/e-+ particle and remains entangled with that partner, but also becomes entangled with an unpaired orbital e+-/e-+ particle in an adjacent atom.

The lone orbital e-+/e+- particle “jumps” over to fill or complete the outer energy shell of the adjacent atom, staying entangled with its original nuclear e+-/e-+ partner, and becoming entangled with a new orbital e+-/e-+ particle of the adjacent atom.  This creates a directionally balanced energy system composed of the two atoms, through the entanglement of their respective orbital e-+/e+- particles.

Each of the newly entangled orbital e-+/e+- particles is entangled with a nuclear e+-/e-+ partner in its original atom. The lone e-+/e+- particle may also become entangled with a nuclear e+-/e-+ partner in the new atom, then being entangled with a total of two nuclear partners, each from different atom, and an orbital partner from a different atom. Keep in mind that a nuclear e+-/e-+ particle may also be entangled with another nuclear e-+/e+- particle existing at the same energy level.  These entangled relationships all contribute to the strength of the ionic bond between the two atoms.

 

See illustration below. Click here for enlargement.

 

35- ionic bonds

 

To explore traditional views on ionic bonds, see "Ionic bond" on Wikipedia.