## Gravitational energy gradients of elementary particles

All 2-D and 3-D electromagnetic (e-m) energy systems possess gravitational energy gradients that are produced by the energy of 123d space to help provide directional balance. For elementary 2-D (electron, positron) and 3-D (proton, neutron, atomic nucleus) energy systems, the gravitational energy gradient is much stronger than it is for macroscopic bodies of mass. This is due to the small size of elementary energy systems relative to the basic 1-D units of 123d space that compose a gravitational energy gradient, and to the motion (equivalent to acceleration outward or deceleration inward) of 2-D or 3-D electric energy relative to system center. This movement of energy relative to system center creates greater unidirectionality than that of a macroscopic body of mass, which simply creates an energy density differential between itself and adjacent 123d space. As the gravitational energy gradient helps provide directional balance to the motion of 2-D or 3-D electric energy accelerating or decelerating relative to system center, the gravitational gradient may oscillate with every e-m interaction of the elementary particle(?).

It is possible that 2-D and 3-D elementary energy systems push unidirectionality to its limit, existing at a micro-scale Schwarzchild radius. This would result in very strong gravitational energy gradients providing directional balance to 2-D and 3-D elementary energy systems.

A very strong gravitational energy gradient consists of a high varying ratio of potential energy (number of basic 1-D units of 123d space per unit area or unit volume) to kinetic energy (rate of motion of basic 1-D units of 123d space relative to each other) of 123d space nearer and nearer to the center of gravity. This results in more potential energy of 123d space available to form opposing magnetic energy per electromagnetic (e-m) interaction. For 1-D electromagnetic interactions, the inherent energy magnitude of 123d space can provide “h” amount of directional balance per e-m interaction. However, in a strong gravitational energy gradient with more potential energy of 123d space available, it may be able to provide more than “h” amount of energy per e-m interaction.

The gravitational energy gradient is due to increasing amount of potential energy of 123d space and a proportionally decreasing amount of kinetic energy of 123d space inward toward a body of mass. While the gravitational energy gradient consists of basic 1-D units of non-electromagnetic energy in constant random motion and distribution relative to each other, it does not, on its own, oscillate or "move" relative to the center of gravity. However, in the case of elementary 2-D and 3-D elementary e-m energy, such as electrons or protons, their high rate of e-m interactions may result in an "oscillation" or "vibration" of their gravitational energy gradients. If so, this vibration of the strong gravitational gradient of elementary particles would have a significant impact on their properties.

The oscillation or vibration of a gravitational energy gradient of an elementary e-m particle should cause a directional force resulting in a "charge field." As the energy or mass of an elementary 2-D or 3-D particle increases, the strength of its gravitational gradient increases proportionally, and its frequency of electromagnetic interactions decreases proportionally. As a result, the magnitude of the charge field remains the same regardless of particle size. (In the case of a linear 1-D e-m photon, when its energy increases, its frequency of e-m interactions increases proportionally since it does not possess a gravitational gradient.)

See illustration below. Click **here** for enlargement.

To explore traditional views on gravitational energy, see "Gravitation" on Wikipedia.

To explore traditional views on charge, see "Charge (physics)" on Wikipedia.