## Gravity and curvature of space

In this model, the curvature of space is due to the varying ratio of the amount of potential energy of 123d space to the amount of kinetic energy of 123d space inward toward a body of mass.

A body of mass (including 2-D and 3-D elementary particles) creates an energy imbalance relative to adjacent 123d space. This imbalance is due to the differential in energy density between a body of mass and adjacent 123d space. (In the case of 2-D or 3-D elementary particles, the gravitational gradient may also help provide directional balance to the motion of energy - acceleration or deceleration - relative to system center - which may result in the oscillation of the gravitational energy gradient with every e-m interaction(?).) To provide directional balance to a body of mass, 123d space increases its potential energy (the number of basic 1-D units of 123d space per unit area or unit volume) and proportionally decreases its kinetic energy (the rate of motion of basic 1-D units of 123d space relative to each other) nearer and nearer to the body of mass or elementary 2-D or 3-D particle.

As the potential energy of 123d space increases toward a body of mass, the rate of e-m interaction, and rate of time, slows down. Conversely, moving outward from a body of mass, the gravitational energy gradient consists of a greater proportion of the kinetic energy of 123d space, resulting in a higher rate of e-m interaction, and faster rate of time.

The properties of 123d space essentially create curved space surrounding a body of mass. Each spherical radius level (”shell”) of space surrounding a body of mass possesses a different rate of e-m interaction, or rate of time. Each "shell" of space inward toward a body of mass will possess more potential energy of 123d space and proportionally less kinetic energy of 123d space (i.e., thicker and more lethargic space - higher density of potential energy of 123d space). External electromagnetic (e-m) energy will detect this curvature by experiencing the different rates of e-m interaction, and rates of time, within the gravitational energy gradient. For example, photons may follow the path of least resistance (i.e., lower energy level) by passing closer to a body of mass in the region of lower kinetic energy and higher potential energy of 123d space - taking longer to pass near a large body of mass from an external observer's frame of reference.

See illustration below. Click **here** for enlargement.

To explore traditional views on the gravitational curvature of space, see "Spacetime" on Wikipedia.