50- proton with 3-D unidirectional energy component


Antiproton structure

Hydrogen atom and proton


Neutron decay

Atomic energy system

Entanglement in an atom

Nucleon mass size due to entanglement and gravitational gradient strength

Developing an equation - to describe nucleon size due to gravitational gradient and entanglement

Effect of temperature limits on atomic particle mass size

Photon interacts with orbital e-+/ e+- particle

Atomic nucleus - 3-D unidirectional energy component


Bosons versus fermions


Proton - 3-D unidirectional energy component

The proton, like the atomic nucleus, may possess two energy systems:

1)  the constituent e+/e+- particles entangled with each other and with any orbital e+-/e-+ particle(s), the entrapped e+ particle, and

2)  the system 3-D unidirectional (i.e., electric) energy of the proton or nucleus - this may be the same energy as that of the e-+/e+- particles - existing simultaneously in different forms - in a state of superposition(?).

In the case of the proton, its 3-D unidirectional (electric) energy accelerates outward from system center by transferring some of its energy to adjacent 123d space, which reacts by forming 2-D (or 3-D?) electromagnetic energy (as an enlarging spherical shell - with no “thickness” - perpendicular to the motion of the 3-D electric energy) to directionally oppose the 3-D electric energy.  When the magnetic energy reaches its maximum energy level - the inherent 2-D (or 3-D?) energy magnitude of 123d space - it can take on no more energy, and transfers its newly acquired energy back to the electric energy, forcing it to return along the 1-D axis of spin to its original higher energy level at system center.

The e-m interactions of the e+ particle at proton system center possibly causes a fluctuation, or vibration, of the strong gravitational energy gradient near system center (keep in mind that the gravitational gradient is composed of the non-electromagnetic energy of space that the proton occupies). This fluctuation of the gravitational energy gradient would somehow affect the energy properties of the proton.

When the 3-D unidirectional energy is at system center, it is at its highest energy level, while its magnetic energy counterpart is at its lowest energy .level.

During the electromagnetic interaction of the 3-D unidirectional (electric) energy, 2-D (or 3-D?) time energy is also produced by 123d space to directionally oppose its unidirectional “sister” 2-D (or 3-D?) magnetic energy at 180 degrees to maintain the directional balance of 123d space.  Time energy immediately dissipates back into 123d space as it forms, allowing its "sister" magnetic energy to provide maximum directional balance to the 3-D electric energy. The dissipation of time energy as it forms results in the unidirectional path of system spin.


See illustration below. Click here for enlargement.  


50- proton 3-D structure


To explore traditional views on properties of protons, see "Proton" on Wikipedia.