52- hydrogen atom and proton

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Neutrons

Neutron decay

Atomic energy system

Entanglement in an atom

Nucleon mass size due to entanglement and gravitational gradient strength

Developing an equation - to describe nucleon size due to gravitational gradient and entanglement

Effect of temperature limits on atomic particle mass size

Photon interacts with orbital e-+/ e+- particle

Atomic nucleus - 3-D unidirectional energy component

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Bosons versus fermions

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Hydrogen atom and proton

A proton consists of one pair of entangled e+-/e-+ particles (i.e., positron-electron pair with alternating e-m directionality with every e-m interaction - opposing each other) - one at each pole, and one positron (e+ particle) at system center. These constituent particles of the proton represent quarks although, in this model, may possess different properties than traditional quarks.

A hydrogen atom consists of a proton with an orbital e-+/e+- particle that is entangled with the e+-/e-+ particle at the proton’s system center, the two particles consisting of opposing alternating e-m directionality and interchanging identities with every e-m interaction, providing optimal directional balance to each other.

In addition to the magnetic energy produced by 123d space, a strong gravitational energy gradient is formed by the energy of 123d space to help provide directional balance.  The gravitational energy gradient is formed by a higher proportion of potential energy of 123d space to kinetic energy of 123d space nearer and nearer to the center of gravity. 

Over time, the orbital e+-/e-+ particle may interact with a photon which may change its rate of e-m interaction, allowing it to “jump” to a higher energy level.  However, when a photon causes the orbital e-+/e+- particle to become out-of-phase (same directionality) with its entangled nuclear e+-/e-+ partner, then the two become disentangled.  The newly ejected (i.e., isolated) orbital e-+/e+- particle will convert to an electron at its earliest opportunity (lower energy level structure than a positron), forcing the nuclear e+-/e-+ particle to convert to a positron "trapped" within the entanglement of the proton's polar e+-/e-+ particles. The positron exists as an "odd-particle-out," unable to become entangled with the other constituent particles, and unable to escape.

It is possible that all three constituent particles of a lone proton (or hydrogen nucleus) "take turns" being entangled, two at a time, with the third particle being the charged "odd-particle-out" for an e-m interaction. In this case, all three constituent particles are directionally balanced with each other, but still possess one unit of positive charge.

 

See illustration below. Click here for enlargement.

 

52-hydrogen atom and proton

 

 

To explore traditional views on properties of hydrogen, see "Hydrogen" on Wikipedia.