55- atomic structure with orbits only (nuclear particles not shown)

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Entanglement in an atom

Nucleon mass size due to entanglement and gravitational gradient strength

Developing an equation - to describe nucleon size due to gravitational gradient and entanglement

Effect of temperature limits on atomic particle mass size

Photon interacts with orbital e-+/ e+- particle

Atomic nucleus - 3-D unidirectional energy component

Isotopes

Bosons versus fermions

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Atomic energy system

An atomic energy system is composed of two energy systems working in concert together:

1) One system consists of nuclear and orbital particles entangled with each other through alternating e-m directionality and interchanging identities with every e-m interaction, providing optimal directional balance to each other. Each orbital particle may be entangled with an orbital partner existing at the same energy level, and may also be entangled with a nucleon existing at a corresponding energy level within the nucleus. The nucleon may also be entangled with a nucleon partner existing at the same energy level. Together, the entangled partners and entangled pairs of partners compose the energy sub-levels and energy levels of the atom.

2) The other energy system consists of 3-D unidirectional (i.e., electric) energy, moving outward toward a lower energy level by transferring some of its energy to the entangled orbital particles, which react by forming magnetic energy with their newly acquired energy. The magnetic energy forms a spherical shell perpendicular to the motion of the 3-D electric energy to provide maximum directional balance, until it reaches the inherent 2-D (or 3-D?) energy magnitude of 123d space (i.e., the magnitude of magnetic energy provided to the orbital particles by 123d space). The magnetic energy then moves to a lower energy level by transferring its newly acquired energy back to the electric energy, forcing it to return to its original higher energy level. In this process, the electric energy converges to the poles along the spherical surface to return to system center along the 1-D axis of spin. The strong gravitational energy gradient has little or no effect on 1-D energy. The process then repeats itself.

The atomic nucleus consists of e+-/e-+ particles existing at various energy levels within the nucleus. These nuclear e+-/e-+ particles are entangled with orbital e+-/e-+ particles existing at corresponding energy levels (at relatively great distances from the nucleus). The nuclear e+-/e-+ particles are also entangled with other nuclear particles at the same energy level, and the orbital e-+/e+- particles are also entangled with other orbital particles at the same energy level.

An atomic nucleus has a very small radius that may be equivalent to the Schawarzchild radius of larger bodies of mass. In any case, the atomic nucleus possesses a strong gravitational energy gradient due to its small size, high energy density, and its unidirectional energy in motion relative to system center.

Most, if not all, entangled orbital and nuclear e-+/e+- partners exist at corresponding energy levels, with the same rate of e-m interactions - this results in optimal directional balance.  The orbital e-+/e+- particles exist in a region of weak gravitational energy gradient, with a faster rate of e-m interaction, and a faster rate of time. As a result, the orbital particles possess enough energy to "bump" their entangled nuclear partners to a corresponding energy level, so that both orbital and nuclear entangled partners possess the same rate of e-m interaction, forming optimal directional balance, and a strong entanglement. Since the nuclear e+-/e-+ particles exist in a strong gravitational energy gradient with a slow rate of e-m interaction, and a slow rate of time (time dilation), but have the higher rate of e-m interactions due to their entangled orbital partners, they possess a large amount of energy - each nucleon being larger than a proton, and usually about the size of two protons).

In this model, no neutrons exist within the nucleus. Only nuclear e-+/e+- particles exist, and the size of these nucleons depend upon the strength of the gravitational energy gradient (i.e., rate of e-m interaction, rate of time) in which they exist, and the rate of e-m interaction of their entangled orbital partners. In other words, some nuclear e+-/e-+ particles may be the size of a traditional proton while others may be larger than a proton and neutron combined. The further out from the nucleus an orbital e-+/e+- particle is, the weaker its gravitational energy gradient, the faster its rate of e-m interaction (or rate of time), the higher its energy level, and the larger its entangled nuclear e+-/e-+ partner will be.

Near temperatures of absolute zero (0 Kelvin), the properties of gravity change. Near absolute zero, the inherent energy of 123d space consists primarily of potential energy with very little kinetic energy. As a result, only very weak gravitational gradients can be formed (gravitational energy gradients are due to changing proportions of the amount of kinetic energy to the amount of potential energy nearer to a body of mass). At temperatures near zero, the orbital e-+/e+- particles exist in a region of a very weak gravitational energy gradient. But since the region consists primarily of potential energy of 123d space, orbital particles experience a slower rate of e-m interaction, or slower rate of time, comparable to that experienced by their entangled nuclear partners. Because the orbital particles and their entangled nuclear partners both exist in a weak gravitational energy gradient, they are similar in size or total energy - much smaller than the nucleons at "intermediate" temperatures. This leads to some of the strange subatomic and atomic behaviors observed at supercooled temperatures.

 

See illustration below. Click here for enlargement.

 

 

55- atomic energy system

 

 

To explore traditional views on electron orbitals in an atom, see "Atomic orbital" on Wikipedia.