57- photon interacting with orbital particle


Atomic nucleus - 3-D unidirectional energy component


Bosons versus fermions


Photon interacting with orbital e-+/ e+- particle

The orbital e-+/e+- particles of an atomic nucleus are each entangled with its “sister” e+-/e-+ particle occupying the same orbital, and also entangled with an e+-/e-+ particle within the nucleus, existing at a corresponding energy level. (The nuclear e+-/e-+ particle is also entangled with a nuclear e-+/e+- partner that exists at the same energy level.)

When a photon of sufficient energy “collides” with a lone orbital e-+/e+- particle, it may convert to an antineutrino/neutrino particle and become entangled with the orbital e+-/e-+ particle, so that the two entangled particles occupy the same orbital with opposing alternating e-m directionality with the same rate of e-m interaction.  The orbital 2-D e+-/e-+ particle also remains entangled with its nuclear 2-D e-+/e-+ partner. However, if its entanglement with the 1-D antineutrino/neutrino particle forces it to a higher energy level, then it may possess a weaker entanglement with its nuclear partner that remains at its original energy level.

The 1-D neutrino/antineutrino particle does not possess a strong entanglement with its orbital 2-D e+-/e-+ partner because, although both particles alternate e-m directionality with every e-m interaction, they cannot interchange identities since they are not equal and opposing identical particles. Due to the relatively weak entanglement with its orbital partner, the 1-D antineutrino/neutrino particle can easily become disentangled from its orbital 2-D partner, and leave the atom. (The question is whether it is possible for a 1-D neutrino/antineutrino particle with v = c, and a normally linear structure, to be "trapped" in an entangled relationship within an orbital about a nucleus.)

When the orbital 2-D e-+/e+- particle becomes disentangled from its 1-D antineutrino/neutrino partner, it falls back to its original lower energy level in the orbital where it has a stronger entanglement with both its orbital 2-D e+-/e-+ partner and with its nuclear partner, while the antineutrino/neutrino converts back to its original lower energy level structure, breaking down into a photon pair.

Update (4-29-14): An alternative model for photon interaction with an orbital particle: Instead of the incoming photon forming an entangled relationship with the orbital particle, the orbital e-+/e+- particle may "absorb" the photon. This alternative model assumes that the electric energy of both 1-D and 2-D electromagnetic (e-m) energy is composed of predominantly kinetic energy of 123dspace (e.g., ratio of 20:80 potential:kinetic) and the magnetic energy consists of predominantly potential energy of 123d space (e.g., ratio of 80:20 potential:kinetic). The kinetic energy and potential energy of the photon's electric and magnetic energy is absorbed by the orbital 2-D e-m particle, its 2-D electric energy decreasing its ratio of potential:kinetic energy (e.g., from 20:80 to maybe 15:85), and its 2-D magnetic energy increasing its ratio of potential:kinetic energy (e.g., from 80:20 to maybe 85:15). If the 2-D electric energy's increase in kinetic energy is enough to increase its wavelength by an integer value, the 2-D e-m particle may "jump" to the next energy level. When the 2-D e-m particle "jumps" back down to its original lower energy level, the photon will be released with the same amount of energy that was originally absorbed by the 2-D e-m orbital particle.

It is easy to visualize 2-D e-m energy consisting of potential and kinetic energy of 123d space, but not so easy with 1-D e-m energy, since the kinetic energy of 123d space is defined as the rate of motion of basic 1-D units of energy of 123d space within 2-D or 3-D space. It is difficult to visualize basic units of 1-D energy randomly moving relative to each other in 1-D space. However, for 1-D electromagnetic photons, the kinetic energy of 123d space may be converted into the rate of acceleration of the 1-D electric energy, and when it is absorbed by a 2-D e-m particle, the same kinetic energy responsible for the rate of acceleration of 1-D electric energy in a photon may be converted back to kinetic energy of 123d space as it is absorbed by the 2-D electric energy of the 2-D particle.


See illustration below. Click here for enlargement.


57- photon interacting with orbital e-+/e+- particle


To explore traditional views on properties of photons, see "Photon" on Wikipedia.