## Creation of new 2-D e-m particles by "empty" gravitational energy gradients

**Vacant gravitational energy gradients of “escaped” energetic particles form new particles with opposing e-m directionality**

In regions of high temperatures, such as in the hot gas clouds of stellar nurseries, the elementary electromagnetic (e-m) particles (e.g., 2-D electrons, 2-D positrons) become so energetic that they can occupy a variety of positions within their gravitational energy gradient. The center of gravity shifts to maintain an “average” center of gravity to provide optimal directional balance to the particle.

If the particle is energetic enough, it may even “jump” out of its gravitational energy gradient. When the particle escapes its gravitational gradient (and therefore its charge field), it is immediately surrounded by a new gravitational gradient formed by the inherent energy of 123d space.

Gravitational energy gradients are formed by a varying ratio of potential to kinetic energy of 123d space inward toward a body of mass. The potential energy of 123d space consists of bidirectional basic units of 1-D energy, and the kinetic energy of 123d space consists of the rate of motion of these basic units of 1-D energy relative to each other. Changes in the amount of potential energy and kinetic energy of 123d space are inversely proportional to each other to maintain the directional balance of the inherent energy of 123d space. For example, if the potential energy of 123d space increases in a region, the kinetic energy of 123d space decreases proportionally in that region.

The gravitational gradient of an electron consists of a changing ratio of greater potential:kinetic energy of 123d space inward toward system center. So the outer region of the gravitational gradient is predominantly kinetic energy of 123d space, and the central region of the gravitational gradient is predominantly potential energy of 123d space.

The gravitational gradient of a positron is inverted to that of an electron. It is an anti-gravitational gradient with a changing ratio of greater kinetic:potential energy of 123d space inward toward system center. So the outer region of the gravitational gradient is predominantly potential energy of 123d space, and the central region of the gravitational gradient is predominantly kinetic energy of 123d space.

When an energetic 2-D electron “jumps” out of its gravitational gradient, it is immediately surrounded by a new gravitational gradient. The “empty” gravitational gradient left behind is now directionally unbalanced. It immediately reacts to regain the ratio of potential energy to kinetic energy of adjacent 123d space. The predominantly kinetic energy of the outer region converges toward the predominantly potential energy at the center of the vacant gravitational gradient. At the same time, the 2-D potential energy moves outward toward the 2-D kinetic energy perpendicular to it to provide maximum opposing force and optimal directional balance. The potential energy composes 2-D magnetic energy and the kinetic energy composes 2-D electric energy. The perpendicular 2-D planes of energy meet to compose a new 2-D e-m positron with opposing e-m directionality to that of the original electron.

So when an energetic electron jumps out of its gravitational energy gradient, its vacant gravitational gradient will collapse to form a positron. And when an energetic positron escapes from its gravitational energy gradient, its empty gravitational gradient will collapse to form an electron. New gravitational gradients immediately form about “escaped” particles to provide directional balance. Under the right environmental conditions (e.g., as in stellar nurseries), this process may lead to particle proliferation and contribute to the birth of stars.

The 2-D plane of predominantly kinetic energy composing the 2-D electric energy, and the perpendicular 2-D plane of predominantly potential energy composing the 2-D magnetic energy together form a 2-D elementary e-m particle, such as an electron or a positron. These 2-D planes of electric and magnetic energy are essentially an aberration of the inherent energy of 123d space. The 2-D electric energy consists of much fewer basic 1-D units of energy of 123d space with a much higher rate of motion relative to each other. On the other hand, the 2-D magnetic energy consists of a much greater number of basic 1-D units of 1-D energy of 123d space with a much slower rate of motion relative to each other. If the 2-D electric energy and its perpendicular 2-D magnetic energy were mixed together so that their energies were indistinguishable or in equilibrium, it would have the properties of the inherent energy of 123d space. In other words, it would consist of the same ratio of potential energy to kinetic energy as that of the inherent energy of 123d space.

To review, a gravitational energy gradient is composed of a changing ratio of the potential energy to kinetic energy of 123d space inward toward a body of mass. An "empty" gravitational gradient may collapse to form two perpendicular planes of energy - one 2-D plane of kinetic (electric) energy of 123d space and one 2-D plane of potential (magnetic) energy of 123d space that form an elementary 2-D electromagnetic particle, such as an electron or a proton. If the energy of both 2-D electric and 2-D magnetic components is combined into a state of equilibrium, it would have the same ratio of potential to kinetic energy as that of the inherent energy of 123d space. Essentially, a gravitational energy gradient and an elementary 2-D e-m particle are anomalies of the inherent energy of 123d space.

(Is it possible that a positron with an inverted gravitational energy gradient (i.e., greater ratio of kinetic energy to potential energy of 123d space inward toward system center) has a higher probability of escaping its gravitational energy gradient than an electron? This would result in the production of more electrons through this process. (However, the effects of entanglement still need to be considered.))

NOTE: The above process may also be involved in nuclear beta decay as well (where all orbital particles are entangled with nuclear partners through alternating e-m directionality).

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