## Inherent energy of 123d space

The inherent energy of 123d space is composed of basic 1-D bidirectional units of energy in constant random motion and distribution relative to each other. This constant, random motion creates 1-D, 2-D, and 3-D space, together composing 123d space. When there is maximum randomness, this results in optimal system directional balance, allowing 123d space to exist at its lowest possible energy level - in a state of dynamic equilibrium - with directionally balanced kinetic energy and potential energy.

123d space possesses an inherent energy magnitude that is governed by....

- the amount of energy per 1-D basic unit of energy of 123d space (potential energy),
- the number of 1-D basic units of energy per unit area or unit volume (potential energy),
- the rate of motion of the 1-D basic units of energy relative to each other (kinetic energy), and
- the degree of randomness of motion and distribution of the 1-D basic units of energy relative to each other (directional balance).

The 1-D basic units of energy of 123d space possess an inherent, optimal size and rate of motion to provide maximum randomness of motion and distribution relative to each other. This allows the energy of 123d space to exist with optimal directional balance and at its lowest possible energy level.

Each 1-D basic unit of 123d space is bidirectional and may move inward and outward from center to maintain its internal directional balance - however, all 1-D units of space contain the same amount of energy, and the total energy of each 1-D unit of space is constant. This movement inward and outward from center allows the bidirectional 1-D unit of space to adjust its energy density to accomodate varying energy densities as it moves from region to region within its parent 123d space. This, along with the random motion and distribution of the 1-D basic units of 123d space, helps to maintain the directional balance of the energy system of 123d space.

The inherent energy of 123d space can only provide “h” amount of 1-D magnetic energy (Planck’s constant) per 1-D electromagnetic (e-m) interaction. 2-D and 3-D electromagnetic energy have different properties than their 1-D counterparts.

The amount of magnetic energy provided by the inherent energy of 123d space per 2-D and 3-D e-m interaction may be different than that for 1-D e-m energy systems (e.g., photons) due to geometric properties. The 1-D energy of a photon does not spread out during its e-m interactions. On the other hand, the 2-D energy of particles, such as electrons, spreads outward from center along a 2-D plane. The 3-D energy of particles, such as protons, spreads outward from center filling a 3-D volume. The question is whether the inherent energy of 123d space can provide more 2-D or 3-D magnetic energy per electromagnetic interaction, or if it is limited to providing only "h" amount of 1-D magnetic energy per e-m interaction regardless of the geometry of the unidirectional system undergoing the e-m interaction. (It is possible that Compton wavelength only applies to 1-D e-m energy, while 2-D and 3-D e-m energy possess gravitational energy gradients, and therefore mass, and this results in a longer wavelength or lower frequency of e-m interactions as the size of the 2-D or 3-D e-m energy increases.)

Perhaps the most significant consequence of the geometries of 2-D and 3-D e-m energy systems is the formation of gravitational gradients due to a changing ratio of potential energy of 123d space to kinetic energy of 123d space inward toward a body of mass (i.e., 2-D or 3-D e-m energy systems). The gravitational energy gradient is most likely involved, in some manner, in the electromagnetic interactions of elementary 2-D and 3-D energy systems. The gravitational energy gradient may contribute to, or even compose, the charge field of an elementary particle.

Along with magnetic energy, the inherent energy of 123d space also forms time energy with each electromagnetic interaction to provide directional balance to the magnetic energy, thereby maintaining the directional balance of the energy of 123d space. However, the time energy immediately dissipates back into the random energy of 123d space as it forms. This allows the magnetic energy to maintain its unidirectional force to oppose and directionally balance the electric energy.

The time energy produced with each e-m interaction by the energy of 123d space may be 1-D, 2-D, or 3-D to match the dimensionality of its sister magnetic energy. As a result, time energy may appear differently in each case. For instance, the 1-D time energy of a photon results in a seemingly (from the electromagnetic observer's frame of reference) unidirectional motion of the e-m system at v = c. The 2-D and 3-D time energies of particles, such as 2-D electrons and 3-D protons, result in system spin, which may vary with linear acceleration of the particle.

The inherent energy of 123d space should change with temperature. When temperature nears absolute zero (0 Kelvin), the inherent kinetic energy of 123d space should decrease exponentially. This change in the inherent energy of 123d space would affect the properties of gravity and electromagnetic energy. In other words, it would affect the properties of all elementary energy systems, including photons, particles, and mass.

See illlustration below. Click **here** for enlargement.

To explore traditional views on the properties of space, see "Space" on Wikipedia.