54- neutron decaying into a proton and electron

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Introduction

Welcome to 123dspace.com, a presentation of hypothetical elementary energy systems.  The purpose of this website is to share some ideas about the nature of elementary energy, including electric, magnetic, time, and gravitational energies, as well as entanglement. These different types of energy interact to form elementary energy systems, such as photons, electrons, and protons. They are also responsible for fields associated with these energy systems.  Below are some brief descriptions of key concepts presented in this website. 

 

123d space.   

Energy likes to be as lazy as possible.  The energy of space, itself, consists of energy in random motion and distribution to maintain its lowest possible energy level.

Basic, bidirectional 1-D units of energy exist in random motion and distribution relative to each other, creating 1-D, 2-D, and 3-D space, or 123d space - in a state of dynamic equilibrium.

The inherent energy of 123d space is governed by the total energy contained within each basic 1-D unit of energy, making up the potential energy of space, and the rate of motion of 1-D units of energy relative to each other, representing the kinetic energy of 123d space.  The degree of randomness of motion and distribution of the energy of 123d space governs the degree of its system directional balance.

 

1-D photons.   

Unidirectional, or electric, energy is created when the energy of space becomes nonrandom.  As electric energy moves toward a lower energy level, the inherent energy of space provides directional balance to it by producing opposing energy in the form of magnetic energy, time energy, and gravitational energy gradients.

In an electromagnetic photon, 1-D electric energy moves toward a lower energy level by transferring some of its energy to adjacent 123d space, which reacts by forming opposing 1-D magnetic energy to provide directional balance to the electric energy.  At the same time, 123d space also forms 1-D time energy to provide directional balance to the magnetic energy.  However, the time energy immediately dissipates back into 123d space as it forms – once again becoming random energy. Time energy allows the formation of magnetic energy, which in turn results in the electromagnetic interaction. The electromagnetic interaction proceeds through changing energy levels and positions relative to system center or origin. This produces the effect of time and space.

When the 1-D magnetic energy has reached its maximum energy level – that of the inherent magnitude of 1-D space – it can proceed no further, and returns its newly acquired energy to the 1-D electric energy.  The 1-D electric energy is then forced to return to its original high energy level at system center.  The process then repeats itself.

It should be noted that from the frame of reference of 123d space, it provides complete directional balance to the 1-D electric energy with each electromagnetic interaction because, in the process, it maintains its own directional balance.

However, from the perspective of all observers consisting of electromagnetic energy, a 1-D photon is only partially directionally balanced because the energy system moves in one direction at v = c relative to all other electromagnetic energy systems, including us.

 

Entangled 1-D photons.

Elementary electromagnetic (e-m) particles, such as electrons and positrons, form entangled relationships with opposing particles.  This provides optimal directional balance to an electric energy system composed of at least one pair of entangled electromagnetic particles, allowing them to exist in their lowest energy state.

In a single photon, its 1-D electric energy alternates directionality with every electromagnetic interaction.  Essentially, it is energy entangled with itself.  A single 1-D photon could be said to possess sequential entanglement (at least from our perspective as observers).

Identical photons created at the same time from the same energy are entangled 1-D partners with opposing electromagnetic (e-m) directionality with every e-m interaction.  In this case, the two photons possess simultaneous entanglement between them.

 

Entangled electron-positron particles.   

In this model, electrons are usually not electrons.  When electrons are entangled with directionally opposing partners, electrons alternate directionality with each electromagnetic interaction (i.e., alternating e-m directionality). 

An entangled electron oscillates between an electron structure and a positron structure like a “wave.”  Its entangled partner does the same, but with opposite e-m directionality – so that when one entangled partner is an electron, the other is a positron, and vice versa.

The entangled particles essentially interchange identities with each other with every electromagnetic interaction.

 

Gravitational energy gradient.   

A gravitational energy gradient has opposing directionality to that of a body of mass, such as a 2-D electron or a 3-D proton. In this model, mass represents energy that is confined or trapped by 2-D or 3-D dimensionality - in standing electromagnetic (e-m) waves - and directionally balanced by a gravitational energy gradient.

The gravitational energy gradient is formed by the energy of 123d space as its potential energy increases and its kinetic energy decreases proportionally inward toward a body of mass. In other words, the gravitational energy gradient is due to the changing ratio of potential energy to kinetic energy of 123d space nearer and nearer to a body of mass.

The potential energy of 123d space is the energy tied up in its basic 1-D units of energy, so as they become more dense near a body of mass, the potential energy of 123d space increases.

The kinetic energy of 123d space is the rate of motion of its basic 1-D units of energy relative to each other, so that near a body of mass their rate of motion slows down. 

The kinetic energy of 123d space governs the rate of electromagnetic interactions, so near a body of mass, the rate of electromagnetic interactions slow down as well.  Since electromagnetic interactions produce time, rate of time also slows down near a body of mass.

 

Charged electron.   

An unentangled charged electron consists of standing electromagnetic interactions within a strong, directionally opposing gravitational energy gradient. 

Unlike an entangled electron-positron particle, a charged electron always possesses the same 2-D electric directionality, moving outward toward a lower energy level by transferring some of its energy to 123d space, which reacts by forming magnetic energy to provide directional balance to the 2-D electric energy. 

Time energy is also formed to oppose its “sister” magnetic energy, thereby maintaining the directional balance of 123d space, from which both were produced.  Time energy immediately dissipates back into space as it forms. 

When the magnetic energy has reached its maximum energy level – the inherent 1-D magnitude of 123d space (i.e., the energy of one basic 1-D bidirectional unit of 123d space) – it can proceed no further, and returns its newly acquired energy to the electric energy.  The electric energy is then forced to return to its original higher energy level at system center along the axis of spin as 1-D energy.  The process then repeats itself.

The strong directionally opposing gravitational energy gradient fluctuates with each electromagnetic interaction resulting in a pulsating directional energy surrounding the electron, composing the charge field.

An energetic elementary e-m particle, such as the electron, may also occupy a variety of positions with its gravitational energy gradient as it oscillates with electromagnetic interactions. An electron has the highest probability of being located at its center of gravity with the lowest probability of being located near the outer boundary of its gravitational gradient. However, in extreme environments, such as those in a stellar nursery, an elementary e-m particle has a greater probability of being located in positions other than at its center of gravity. Under certain conditions, the elementary e-m particle may escape its gravitational energy gradient, leaving it vacant. The empty gravitational gradient collapses to regain directional balance, and in the process, produces a new elementary e-m particle, with opposite e-m directionality to that of its original particle. In other words, electromagnetic energy is produced by non-electromagnetic energy.

  

Atomic energy systems.   

Most unidirectional, or electric, energy exists in the form of entangled particles within atomic energy systems

An orbital electron/positron particle is entangled with an orbital positron/electron and with a nuclear positron/ electron, all three particles oscillating between electron and positron structures with every electromagnetic (e-m) interaction. 

The nuclear positron/electron is also entangled with an opposing nuclear electron/positron existing at the same energy level and orbital within the nucleus.  This even number of entangled partners provides optimal directional balance, with interchanging identities with every electromagnetic interaction.

Entangled pairs of orbital and nuclear partners may become entangled and disentangled from other entangled pairs resulting in changes to the physical properties of the atom.

Entanglement is the glue that binds and unbinds all energy within the atomic energy system - and most likely, possesses some amount of binding energy - energy that is given off as particles become entangled, and must be provided from an outside source to disentangle the particles. 

In addition to entanglement, magnetic, time, and gravitational energies play critical roles within the atomic energy system.

These energy relationships will be discussed throughout the presentation on 123dspace.com.

 

Physical Limits - For electromagnetic energy systems, this includes the speed of light, v = c, as an upper limit and v = 0 as a lower limit (or v = -c as a lower limit? [This model does not consider time reversal - this would require electromagnetic interactions happening in reverse.]). The lower limit of temperature is where 123d space consists of 100% potential energy (at 0 Kelvin), and the upper limit is where 123d space possesses 100% kinetic energy (temperature unknown). Gravitational gradients cannot exist at the lower or upper temperature limits since a gravitational gradient is due to a changing ratio of potential energy to kinetic energy of 123d space nearer and nearer to a body of mass. There is also an upper and lower limit for acceleration and deceleration of 1-D, 2-D, and 3-D elementary energies - these limits may govern the size of elementary energy systems, such as electrons and positrons. Physical limits are governed by the inherent properties of 123d space itself.

 

Black Holes [under construction] - Black holes most likely consist of two directionally opposing components of energy - such as a positive gravitational energy gradient (i.e., greater ratio of potential to kinetic energy of 123d space inward toward a body of mass, and a negative or inverted gravitational energy gradient (i.e., greater ratio of kinetic to potential energy of 123d space inward toward a body of antimass). The two opposing energies oscillate between high and low energy levels (analogous to electromagnetic energy). The mass of a galaxy (all its stars, planets, and other forms of energy) may help provide directional balance to the energy structure of the black hole that composes the galactic nucleus. When a star "dies," its destiny (including the Schwarzchild radius) is most likely governed by physical limits of the inherent properties of 123d space.